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DRUG – FREE SPORT

GENERAL INFORMATION

ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATIONS

  • Presence of a Prohibited Substance, its metabolites or markers, in athlete’s sample.

  • Use or attempted use of a Prohibited Substance or a Prohibited Method.

  • Refusing or failing without compelling justification to submit to sample collection after notification, or otherwise evading sample collection.

  • Violation of requirements regarding athlete availability including failure to provide whereabouts information, and missed tests.

  • Tampering, or attempting to tamper with, any part of doping control.

  • Possession of any Prohibited Substance and Prohibited Method.

  • Trafficking in any Prohibited Substance of Prohibited Method.

  • Administering or attempting to administer any Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method to an athlete.

The Prohibited List is updated annually and can be viewed / downloaded from
THE SAIDS WEBSITE www.drugfreesport.org.za
OR THE WADA WEBSITE www.wada-ama.org
THE WORLD ANTI-DOPING CODE Prohibited List
Queries:  Drug-Free Info Hotline 021 448 3888


Using drugs to enhance athletic performance is against the rules laid down by the governing bodies of most recognized sports.  It damages the integrity, image and value of sport, and contravenes the fundamental principles of sportsmanship and fair competition.


INADVERTENT DOPING
Inadvertent doping occurs when an athlete uses a drug to treat an illness, or takes in food or drink, without realizing that the product contains a prohibited substance.  In most instances, illness can be treated with ah alternative medication that does not contain a prohibited substance.

Remember – it is your responsibility to ensure that any product, preparation or medication you take does not contain prohibited substances.  You may not knowingly take a drug which is classified as performance-enhancing, but if you are actively participating in competitive sport, you are at risk of testing positive.

Make sure that the medical professional treating you is aware of the anti-doping requirement of your sports, and when competing abroad, check with your team doctor, international federation, or the national anti-doping agency of that country, before taking any medication.


ATHLETES WITH SPECIAL NEEDS
The list of prohibited substances (general and sport specific) is the same for those athletes wit a disability, of all ages, and those athletes with a transplant.  The therapeutic use exemption process applies to all athletes, regardless of their special need or disability.

In addition, the list of prohibited methods applies strictly for athletes with a disability.

However, in the instance of an athlete wit a physical, intellectual or visual disability, the process of sample collection may require the need for assistance, depending on the athlete’s disability.  As an athlete you have the right to invite a member of your team management of your medical team to accompany, e.g. with carrying the sample collection vessel, pouring the sample in the A and B bottles, in interpretation into your own language, or “seeing” where you need to sign, you may ask the person accompanying you from your team to help.  This should be reported in the comments section of the doping control form.  If there is no one from your team who is able to assist you, you may ask the Doping Control Officer to assist.

Such assistance or deviation from the normal process is legitimate where the outcome of the testing process and result are not affected by this, and the athlete’s rights have been respected.


FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

Q ) Are the results of my test confidential?

A ) Yes. Not even the laboratory is given any information that would allow the identity of the athlete to be determined. The copy of the Doping Control Form which is sent to the laboratory only has a sample number and declared medications on it.


Q ) How long do drugs stay in my system?

A ) It depends on the type of drug, your metabolism, the amount taken and the length of time you have been taking the drug – and this can vary from person to person. Some drugs leave the body fairly quickly, while others, such as marijuana, take much longer. It is your responsibility to ensure that any medications that are permitted out-of-competition, do not lead to a positive test result when participating in-competition.


Q ) What if I can’t provide enough urine for a test?

A ) The Doping Control Officer will wait as long as it takes for you to provide the required amount of urine for analysis purposes, and you will be provided with as many extra drinks as you need.


Q ) What substances are tested for out-of-competition?

A ) Out-of-competition testing is generally used to detect and defer the se of drugs which enhance training and recovery: anabolic steroids, diuretics, peptide and glycoprotein hormones and analogues, masking agents and pharmacological, chemical and physical manipulation techniques.


Q ) What happens when I retire?

A ) Check with your sports federation about their regulations regarding retirement, and notify them in writing. Some sports require that their athletes remain available for testing for a specified period after retirement. If you decide to revoke your retirement, you will be required to be available for drug testing before your first competition.


Q ) What if I am going on holiday or traveling abroad and will not be available for out-of-competition testing?

A ) It is your responsibility to ensure that your national sports federation and SAIDS can contact you at all times, and that they have up-to-date contact details for you. If you are going to be away from your normal home or work place, you must notify your federation and provide them with your itinerary and contact details for the period you are going to be away. Failure to provide this information may be considered a deliberate attempt to avoid testing, and may be considered the same as returning a positive test result.


Q ) What sanctions are imposed for a positive drug test?

A ) Depending on the nature of the offence, sanctions can range from a warning to a 2 years ban. A second offence may incur a life ban. Some sports federations also impose financial penalties. Make sure you know your sports anti-doping regulations and penalties for a positive test result.


Q ) What if I have to take a prohibited substance for a medical condition such as asthma or hay fever, but am still fit enough to compete?

A ) There may be a suitable alternative which does not contain a prohibited substance. Make sure the medical practitioner treating you knows the anti-doping regulations of your sport and the classes of substances that are prohibited in your sport. If you have to take a prohibited medication for therapeutic purposes and no suitable alternative is available, refer to your sports federation to establish whether your federation’s doping rules permit its use for legitimate, medically justified reasons, and if so, the procedures required for therapeutic use exemption.


Q ) How will I know the results of my drug test?

A ) The South African institute for Drug-Free Sport will forward your test results to your national sports federation.


Q ) Ho do I know that the person asking me to provide a sample is a Doping Control Officer?

A ) The South African Institute for Drug-Free Sport has Doping Control Officers based throughout the country who are highly experienced and trained to international standards. They all carry identification cards, and should show this to athletes when notifying them that they have been selected for a drug test. You are entitled to ask to see written authorization from SAIDS in respect of the drug tests.


DOPING CONTROL PROCEDURE

Testing of an athlete to detect a prohibited substance or the use of a prohibited method consists of

  • The sample collection process which must be conducted by trained and accredited Doping Control Officers on behalf of an authorized drug testing agency.

  • Analysis of the sample by a laboratory with the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) accreditation.  The South African Doping Control Laboratory of University of Free State Bloemfontein is one of only 33 WADA accredited laboratories in the world.

IN COMPETITION TESTING takes place at sports events.  SAIDS’ Doping Control Officers oversee the selection process, collect the samples and dispatch them to the laboratory by secure means.  Selection of athletes for in-competition testing is determined by the rules of the sports federation and may target placing in the event, random selection, a set number of players from each team, qualifying for national representation, breaking a national or international record.


OUT-OF-COMPETITION TESTING takes place at any time of the year and any location – the athlete’s home, lace of training, selection and training camps, or while competing abroad.  Out-of-competition testing takes place at short or no notice.


ADVICE TO ATHLETES

  • Know your sport’s anti-doping rules and your rights and responsibilities.

  • If you do not understand the procedures, ask the Doping Control Officer to explain.

  • Keep a list of all medications and supplements you are taking, so that you can accurately record them on the Doping Control Form at the time of testing.

  • Once you have been notified of a test stay in view of the Doping Control Officer or Chaperone at all times, and report to the Doping Control Station as soon as possible.

  • Athletes are entitled to take a representative with them to the Doping Control Station but the representative is not permitted to be present during sample collection.

  • Failure to comply with a request for testing may result in a sanction equivalent to that imposed for a positive test result.

NOTIFICATION
You can be selected for a drug test at any time, anywhere.  A Doping Control officer (DCO) will identify himself, notify you of your selection for a drug test, and ask you to sign the appropriate section of the Doping Control Form.  You will be given the Athlete’s Notification Copy of this form.

You will be asked not to pass urine until you reach the Doping Control Station.  The DCO, or a DCO-appointed chaperone, will stay with you until you report to the Doping Control Station.  A representative from your sports federation may accompany you to the Doping Control Station, but will not be permitted to witness the passing of your sample.

Failure to comply with the request to provide a sample without reasonable cause may result in a sanction from your national sports federation equivalent to that imposed for a positive test result.

REPORTING FOR TESTING
You will be accompanied by the DCO, or by a DCO-appointed chaperone, to the Doping Control Station.  Sealed drinks will be provided to assist you to produce your urine sample. The DCO will oversee the sample collection procedure and explain each step of the process to you.  You may ask the DCO for information about any aspect of the drug testing process.  The DCO will record your details on the Doping Control Form.


SELECTION OF SAMPLE COLLECTION VESSEL
When you are ready to provide a urine sample, you will be asked to select a sample collection vessel from a selection of sealed vessels.


PROVIDING A SAMPLE UNDER SUPERVISION
You will be required to provide a urine sample in the presence of a DCO of the same gender, who will accompany you to the toilet.  You must remove sufficient clothing to ensure that the passing of urine into the collection vessel can be directly observed.  When you have provided the required volume of urine, (75ml or more, you will take your sample to the Doping Control Station administration area.  You should be the only person who handles your sample, unless there are special circumstances, eg.  an injury, that warrant a request for assistance.  You are responsible for controlling your sample until it is sealed in the sample collection bottles.


ATHLETES WITH DISABILITIES
When testing athletes with disabilities, the basic principles of the sample collection process do not change.  However, the DCO will ensure that the testing procedure meets your needs, and assistance will be made available to those who need it.  Athletes with external collection systems will need to discard any urine that is already in the external collection system.  For more information, please contact your national sports federation or SAIDS.


SELECTING YOUR SECURE SAMPLE CONTAINER
You will e asked by the DCO to select a drug testing kit.  This will consist of two bottles labeled “A” and “B”, which will hold, identify and secure your urine sample.  The drug testing kit is stored in tamper evident packaging.  You must check the drug testing kit to ensure it has not been opened or tampered with and that the contents (“A and “B” labeled bottles) are secure and correctly labeled.


BREAKING THE SECURITY SEAL
You will be asked to break the security seal of the packaging containing the “A” and “B” labeled bottles, and the seals of the “A” and “B” labeled bottles in the presence of the DCO.


DIVIDING THE SAMPLE
You will be asked to pour a measured amount of your urine sample into each of the “A” and “B” labeled bottles, approximately 25ml into bottle “B” and two thirds of the urine sample into bottle “A”, leaving a few drops in the sample collection vessel.


CHECKING  pH AND CONCENTRATION OF THE SAMPLE
The DCO will check the acidity (pH) and concentration (specific gravity) of the urine remaining in the sample collection vessel, to ensure that it falls within the correct ranges for testing (pH from 5.0 to 7.0 specific gravity 1.010 or greater).  F it does not you may be asked to provide another sample.


SEALING THE BOTTLES
Once you have closed the “A” and “B” labeled bottles, the DCO will check that they are tightly sealed before they are returned to the Styrofoam container.  Both the “A” and “B labeled bottles must be sealed by you.  The DCO will record their unique security codes on the Doping Control Form.


PROVISION OF AN INSUFFICIENT SAMPLE:
PASSING AND ADDITIONAL SAMPLE
If you are unable to provide the total volume of urine required on your first attempt, your partial sample will be sealed using a partial sample kit with a unique number on it.  This number will be recorded on the Doping Control Form.  The paperwork and your partial sample will be kept secure until you are ready to provide another sample in accordance wit the procedures outline above.  When you have provided the balance of the required volume of urine, your combined samples will be divided between bottles “A” and “B before final resealing by you, and you will be asked to sign the Partial Sample section of the Doping Control Form.
Failure to comply with a request to provide an additional sample may result in a sanction from your national sports federation equivalent to that imposed for a positive test result.


FINAL PAPERWORK
You should disclose all medication, inhalers, vitamins, herbal products and food supplements that you have taken over the last seven days, and any medication that may be in your system at the time of testing.  This is recorded on the Doping Control Form.  It is your responsibility to check that all the information recorded on the Doping Control Form is correct before you sign it.  If you are dissatisfied with any aspect of the sample collection procedure, you should record your comments on the Doping Control Form.

The DCO will also check and sign this form in your presence.  You will be provided with the Athlete’s Copy of the completed Coping Control Form.  Keep this in a safe place until the result of your test is known.


TRANSPORTING THE SAMPLES TO THE LABORATORY
The samples in their sealed containers are sent to the laboratory by secure chain of custody.  The laboratory copy of the Doping Control From contains only information about the sample, medication taken over the last 7 days, and the security seal numbers.  Your identity is not, at any stage, revealed tot eh laboratory.


LABORATORY ANALYSIS
The laboratory will analyse part “A” of your sample for the presence of banned drugs or doping methods.  If the “A” sample gives a negative result, this will be reported to SAIDS who will notify you and your national sports federation and your “B” sample will be destroyed.


POSITIVE TEST RESULT
If the test result is positive, the laboratory will forward the findings of the drug test directly to SAIDS, who will immediately notify you and your national sports federation of a valid positive test result from the laboratory.  You are entitled to ask the laboratory to analyse your “B” sample or to have a representative do so on your behalf within a specified time after being notified.  You have the right to a fair hearing in accordance with the doping rules of your national federation.  It is important that you find out your rights, and the penalties for a positive drug test result, under the doping rules of your sports federation.


REINSTATEMENT TESTING
An athlete must, during any period of provisional suspension or ineligibility make himself/herself available for out-of-competition testing and must provide current and accurate whereabouts information.

If an athlete has been suspended or retires from sport and later seeks reinstatement, he/she will not be eligible for reinstatement until he/she has been subject to out-of-competition testing for a period of time equal to the reinstatement period stipulated by the international Federation/National Federation.  Immediately prior to the end of a suspension period the athlete must undergo out-of-competition testing.


ATHLETES’ RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES
YOUR RIGHTS

  • You may nominate a representative and/or interpreter of your choice, to accompany you to the Doping Control Station.

  • If you are under 18 years of age, you have the right to be accompanied to the drug test by a parent or guardian.

  • You may request any information about the doping control procedure.

  • With the consent of the DCO, and in full view of the DCO, orDCO-appointed chaperone at all times, you may attend a victory ceremony/fulfill media commitments/finish a training session/warm-down/compete in further events/receive necessary medical attention.

  • The DCO must inform you of the possible consequences of failing to comply with doping control procedures.

  • You have the right to ask the DCO for proof of authorization to conduct doping control at the event.

  • You have the right to ask the DCO to produce identity to prove that he/she is an authorized and accredited representative of the South African institute for Drug-Free Sport.

  • If any part of the process concerns you, you should record your concerns on the Doping Control Form and notify your National Sports Federation in writing as soon as possible after completing the drug test.

YOUR RESPONSIBILITIES

  • Make sure that any drug prescribed or purchased over the counter is permitted, according to the regulations of your sport.

  • Be aware of, and comply with the coping rules of your sport.

  • You must report to the Doping Control Station within 60 minutes of notification of a drug test, or as soon as you are able to pass urine before the stipulated time.

  • You are advised not to consume any unsealed drinks or food prior to being tested.  Don’t pass urine until you reach the Doping Control Station.

  • Once you have reported to the Coping Control Station, you must remain there – within sight of the DCO at all times – until the sample collection process has been completed.

  • You must be observed by a DCO of the same sex while providing the sample.  You must ensure that you are in full control and supervision of your urine sample, under the direct observation of the DCO, until the sample collection bottles are sealed and put into their secured container.

  • Ensure that the drug testing kit you select is sealed and has not been tampered with.

  • You must pass another urine sample if the first sample does not comply with specifications.

  • Make sure that the Doping Control Form has been correctly completed, the sample and seal numbers are accurately recorded, that you have signed the form, and that you have all the documentation you need, before you leave the Doping Control Station.

  • Keep all documentation until you have received the results of the test.

 

DRUG – FREE SPORT

GENERAL INFORMATION

ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATIONS

  • Presence of a Prohibited Substance, its metabolites or markers, in athlete’s sample.

  • Use or attempted use of a Prohibited Substance or a Prohibited Method.

  • Refusing or failing without compelling justification to submit to sample collection after notification, or otherwise evading sample collection.

  • Violation of requirements regarding athlete availability including failure to provide whereabouts information, and missed tests.

  • Tampering, or attempting to tamper with, any part of doping control.

  • Possession of any Prohibited Substance and Prohibited Method.

  • Trafficking in any Prohibited Substance of Prohibited Method.

  • Administering or attempting to administer any Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method to an athlete.

The Prohibited List is updated annually and can be viewed / downloaded from
THE SAIDS WEBSITE www.drugfreesport.org.za
OR THE WADA WEBSITE www.wada-ama.org
THE WORLD ANTI-DOPING CODE Prohibited List
Queries:  Drug-Free Info Hotline 021 448 3888


Using drugs to enhance athletic performance is against the rules laid down by the governing bodies of most recognized sports.  It damages the integrity, image and value of sport, and contravenes the fundamental principles of sportsmanship and fair competition.


INADVERTENT DOPING
Inadvertent doping occurs when an athlete uses a drug to treat an illness, or takes in food or drink, without realizing that the product contains a prohibited substance.  In most instances, illness can be treated with ah alternative medication that does not contain a prohibited substance.

Remember – it is your responsibility to ensure that any product, preparation or medication you take does not contain prohibited substances.  You may not knowingly take a drug which is classified as performance-enhancing, but if you are actively participating in competitive sport, you are at risk of testing positive.

Make sure that the medical professional treating you is aware of the anti-doping requirement of your sports, and when competing abroad, check with your team doctor, international federation, or the national anti-doping agency of that country, before taking any medication.


ATHLETES WITH SPECIAL NEEDS
The list of prohibited substances (general and sport specific) is the same for those athletes wit a disability, of all ages, and those athletes with a transplant.  The therapeutic use exemption process applies to all athletes, regardless of their special need or disability.

In addition, the list of prohibited methods applies strictly for athletes with a disability.

However, in the instance of an athlete wit a physical, intellectual or visual disability, the process of sample collection may require the need for assistance, depending on the athlete’s disability.  As an athlete you have the right to invite a member of your team management of your medical team to accompany, e.g. with carrying the sample collection vessel, pouring the sample in the A and B bottles, in interpretation into your own language, or “seeing” where you need to sign, you may ask the person accompanying you from your team to help.  This should be reported in the comments section of the doping control form.  If there is no one from your team who is able to assist you, you may ask the Doping Control Officer to assist.

Such assistance or deviation from the normal process is legitimate where the outcome of the testing process and result are not affected by this, and the athlete’s rights have been respected.


FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

Q ) Are the results of my test confidential?

A ) Yes. Not even the laboratory is given any information that would allow the identity of the athlete to be determined. The copy of the Doping Control Form which is sent to the laboratory only has a sample number and declared medications on it.


Q ) How long do drugs stay in my system?

A ) It depends on the type of drug, your metabolism, the amount taken and the length of time you have been taking the drug – and this can vary from person to person. Some drugs leave the body fairly quickly, while others, such as marijuana, take much longer. It is your responsibility to ensure that any medications that are permitted out-of-competition, do not lead to a positive test result when participating in-competition.


Q ) What if I can’t provide enough urine for a test?

A ) The Doping Control Officer will wait as long as it takes for you to provide the required amount of urine for analysis purposes, and you will be provided with as many extra drinks as you need.


Q ) What substances are tested for out-of-competition?

A ) Out-of-competition testing is generally used to detect and defer the se of drugs which enhance training and recovery: anabolic steroids, diuretics, peptide and glycoprotein hormones and analogues, masking agents and pharmacological, chemical and physical manipulation techniques.


Q ) What happens when I retire?

A ) Check with your sports federation about their regulations regarding retirement, and notify them in writing. Some sports require that their athletes remain available for testing for a specified period after retirement. If you decide to revoke your retirement, you will be required to be available for drug testing before your first competition.


Q ) What if I am going on holiday or traveling abroad and will not be available for out-of-competition testing?

A ) It is your responsibility to ensure that your national sports federation and SAIDS can contact you at all times, and that they have up-to-date contact details for you. If you are going to be away from your normal home or work place, you must notify your federation and provide them with your itinerary and contact details for the period you are going to be away. Failure to provide this information may be considered a deliberate attempt to avoid testing, and may be considered the same as returning a positive test result.


Q ) What sanctions are imposed for a positive drug test?

A ) Depending on the nature of the offence, sanctions can range from a warning to a 2 years ban. A second offence may incur a life ban. Some sports federations also impose financial penalties. Make sure you know your sports anti-doping regulations and penalties for a positive test result.


Q ) What if I have to take a prohibited substance for a medical condition such as asthma or hay fever, but am still fit enough to compete?

A ) There may be a suitable alternative which does not contain a prohibited substance. Make sure the medical practitioner treating you knows the anti-doping regulations of your sport and the classes of substances that are prohibited in your sport. If you have to take a prohibited medication for therapeutic purposes and no suitable alternative is available, refer to your sports federation to establish whether your federation’s doping rules permit its use for legitimate, medically justified reasons, and if so, the procedures required for therapeutic use exemption.


Q ) How will I know the results of my drug test?

A ) The South African institute for Drug-Free Sport will forward your test results to your national sports federation.


Q ) Ho do I know that the person asking me to provide a sample is a Doping Control Officer?

A ) The South African Institute for Drug-Free Sport has Doping Control Officers based throughout the country who are highly experienced and trained to international standards. They all carry identification cards, and should show this to athletes when notifying them that they have been selected for a drug test. You are entitled to ask to see written authorization from SAIDS in respect of the drug tests.


DOPING CONTROL PROCEDURE

Testing of an athlete to detect a prohibited substance or the use of a prohibited method consists of

  • The sample collection process which must be conducted by trained and accredited Doping Control Officers on behalf of an authorized drug testing agency.

  • Analysis of the sample by a laboratory with the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) accreditation.  The South African Doping Control Laboratory of University of Free State Bloemfontein is one of only 33 WADA accredited laboratories in the world.

IN COMPETITION TESTING takes place at sports events.  SAIDS’ Doping Control Officers oversee the selection process, collect the samples and dispatch them to the laboratory by secure means.  Selection of athletes for in-competition testing is determined by the rules of the sports federation and may target placing in the event, random selection, a set number of players from each team, qualifying for national representation, breaking a national or international record.


OUT-OF-COMPETITION TESTING takes place at any time of the year and any location – the athlete’s home, lace of training, selection and training camps, or while competing abroad.  Out-of-competition testing takes place at short or no notice.


ADVICE TO ATHLETES

  • Know your sport’s anti-doping rules and your rights and responsibilities.

  • If you do not understand the procedures, ask the Doping Control Officer to explain.

  • Keep a list of all medications and supplements you are taking, so that you can accurately record them on the Doping Control Form at the time of testing.

  • Once you have been notified of a test stay in view of the Doping Control Officer or Chaperone at all times, and report to the Doping Control Station as soon as possible.

  • Athletes are entitled to take a representative with them to the Doping Control Station but the representative is not permitted to be present during sample collection.

  • Failure to comply with a request for testing may result in a sanction equivalent to that imposed for a positive test result.

NOTIFICATION
You can be selected for a drug test at any time, anywhere.  A Doping Control officer (DCO) will identify himself, notify you of your selection for a drug test, and ask you to sign the appropriate section of the Doping Control Form.  You will be given the Athlete’s Notification Copy of this form.

You will be asked not to pass urine until you reach the Doping Control Station.  The DCO, or a DCO-appointed chaperone, will stay with you until you report to the Doping Control Station.  A representative from your sports federation may accompany you to the Doping Control Station, but will not be permitted to witness the passing of your sample.

Failure to comply with the request to provide a sample without reasonable cause may result in a sanction from your national sports federation equivalent to that imposed for a positive test result.

REPORTING FOR TESTING
You will be accompanied by the DCO, or by a DCO-appointed chaperone, to the Doping Control Station.  Sealed drinks will be provided to assist you to produce your urine sample. The DCO will oversee the sample collection procedure and explain each step of the process to you.  You may ask the DCO for information about any aspect of the drug testing process.  The DCO will record your details on the Doping Control Form.


SELECTION OF SAMPLE COLLECTION VESSEL
When you are ready to provide a urine sample, you will be asked to select a sample collection vessel from a selection of sealed vessels.


PROVIDING A SAMPLE UNDER SUPERVISION
You will be required to provide a urine sample in the presence of a DCO of the same gender, who will accompany you to the toilet.  You must remove sufficient clothing to ensure that the passing of urine into the collection vessel can be directly observed.  When you have provided the required volume of urine, (75ml or more, you will take your sample to the Doping Control Station administration area.  You should be the only person who handles your sample, unless there are special circumstances, eg.  an injury, that warrant a request for assistance.  You are responsible for controlling your sample until it is sealed in the sample collection bottles.


ATHLETES WITH DISABILITIES
When testing athletes with disabilities, the basic principles of the sample collection process do not change.  However, the DCO will ensure that the testing procedure meets your needs, and assistance will be made available to those who need it.  Athletes with external collection systems will need to discard any urine that is already in the external collection system.  For more information, please contact your national sports federation or SAIDS.


SELECTING YOUR SECURE SAMPLE CONTAINER
You will e asked by the DCO to select a drug testing kit.  This will consist of two bottles labeled “A” and “B”, which will hold, identify and secure your urine sample.  The drug testing kit is stored in tamper evident packaging.  You must check the drug testing kit to ensure it has not been opened or tampered with and that the contents (“A and “B” labeled bottles) are secure and correctly labeled.


BREAKING THE SECURITY SEAL
You will be asked to break the security seal of the packaging containing the “A” and “B” labeled bottles, and the seals of the “A” and “B” labeled bottles in the presence of the DCO.


DIVIDING THE SAMPLE
You will be asked to pour a measured amount of your urine sample into each of the “A” and “B” labeled bottles, approximately 25ml into bottle “B” and two thirds of the urine sample into bottle “A”, leaving a few drops in the sample collection vessel.


CHECKING  pH AND CONCENTRATION OF THE SAMPLE
The DCO will check the acidity (pH) and concentration (specific gravity) of the urine remaining in the sample collection vessel, to ensure that it falls within the correct ranges for testing (pH from 5.0 to 7.0 specific gravity 1.010 or greater).  F it does not you may be asked to provide another sample.


SEALING THE BOTTLES
Once you have closed the “A” and “B” labeled bottles, the DCO will check that they are tightly sealed before they are returned to the Styrofoam container.  Both the “A” and “B labeled bottles must be sealed by you.  The DCO will record their unique security codes on the Doping Control Form.


PROVISION OF AN INSUFFICIENT SAMPLE:
PASSING AND ADDITIONAL SAMPLE
If you are unable to provide the total volume of urine required on your first attempt, your partial sample will be sealed using a partial sample kit with a unique number on it.  This number will be recorded on the Doping Control Form.  The paperwork and your partial sample will be kept secure until you are ready to provide another sample in accordance wit the procedures outline above.  When you have provided the balance of the required volume of urine, your combined samples will be divided between bottles “A” and “B before final resealing by you, and you will be asked to sign the Partial Sample section of the Doping Control Form.
Failure to comply with a request to provide an additional sample may result in a sanction from your national sports federation equivalent to that imposed for a positive test result.


FINAL PAPERWORK
You should disclose all medication, inhalers, vitamins, herbal products and food supplements that you have taken over the last seven days, and any medication that may be in your system at the time of testing.  This is recorded on the Doping Control Form.  It is your responsibility to check that all the information recorded on the Doping Control Form is correct before you sign it.  If you are dissatisfied with any aspect of the sample collection procedure, you should record your comments on the Doping Control Form.

The DCO will also check and sign this form in your presence.  You will be provided with the Athlete’s Copy of the completed Coping Control Form.  Keep this in a safe place until the result of your test is known.


TRANSPORTING THE SAMPLES TO THE LABORATORY
The samples in their sealed containers are sent to the laboratory by secure chain of custody.  The laboratory copy of the Doping Control From contains only information about the sample, medication taken over the last 7 days, and the security seal numbers.  Your identity is not, at any stage, revealed tot eh laboratory.


LABORATORY ANALYSIS
The laboratory will analyse part “A” of your sample for the presence of banned drugs or doping methods.  If the “A” sample gives a negative result, this will be reported to SAIDS who will notify you and your national sports federation and your “B” sample will be destroyed.


POSITIVE TEST RESULT
If the test result is positive, the laboratory will forward the findings of the drug test directly to SAIDS, who will immediately notify you and your national sports federation of a valid positive test result from the laboratory.  You are entitled to ask the laboratory to analyse your “B” sample or to have a representative do so on your behalf within a specified time after being notified.  You have the right to a fair hearing in accordance with the doping rules of your national federation.  It is important that you find out your rights, and the penalties for a positive drug test result, under the doping rules of your sports federation.


REINSTATEMENT TESTING
An athlete must, during any period of provisional suspension or ineligibility make himself/herself available for out-of-competition testing and must provide current and accurate whereabouts information.

If an athlete has been suspended or retires from sport and later seeks reinstatement, he/she will not be eligible for reinstatement until he/she has been subject to out-of-competition testing for a period of time equal to the reinstatement period stipulated by the international Federation/National Federation.  Immediately prior to the end of a suspension period the athlete must undergo out-of-competition testing.


ATHLETES’ RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES
YOUR RIGHTS

  • You may nominate a representative and/or interpreter of your choice, to accompany you to the Doping Control Station.

  • If you are under 18 years of age, you have the right to be accompanied to the drug test by a parent or guardian.

  • You may request any information about the doping control procedure.

  • With the consent of the DCO, and in full view of the DCO, orDCO-appointed chaperone at all times, you may attend a victory ceremony/fulfill media commitments/finish a training session/warm-down/compete in further events/receive necessary medical attention.

  • The DCO must inform you of the possible consequences of failing to comply with doping control procedures.

  • You have the right to ask the DCO for proof of authorization to conduct doping control at the event.

  • You have the right to ask the DCO to produce identity to prove that he/she is an authorized and accredited representative of the South African institute for Drug-Free Sport.

  • If any part of the process concerns you, you should record your concerns on the Doping Control Form and notify your National Sports Federation in writing as soon as possible after completing the drug test.

YOUR RESPONSIBILITIES

  • Make sure that any drug prescribed or purchased over the counter is permitted, according to the regulations of your sport.

  • Be aware of, and comply with the coping rules of your sport.

  • You must report to the Doping Control Station within 60 minutes of notification of a drug test, or as soon as you are able to pass urine before the stipulated time.

  • You are advised not to consume any unsealed drinks or food prior to being tested.  Don’t pass urine until you reach the Doping Control Station.

  • Once you have reported to the Coping Control Station, you must remain there – within sight of the DCO at all times – until the sample collection process has been completed.

  • You must be observed by a DCO of the same sex while providing the sample.  You must ensure that you are in full control and supervision of your urine sample, under the direct observation of the DCO, until the sample collection bottles are sealed and put into their secured container.

  • Ensure that the drug testing kit you select is sealed and has not been tampered with.

  • You must pass another urine sample if the first sample does not comply with specifications.

  • Make sure that the Doping Control Form has been correctly completed, the sample and seal numbers are accurately recorded, that you have signed the form, and that you have all the documentation you need, before you leave the Doping Control Station.

  • Keep all documentation until you have received the results of the test.

TENNIS RULES

In this rule discussion we will discuss the more relevant rules and explain the different scenarios in case studies.

FOOT FAULT

During the service motion, the server shall not:

•  Change position by walking or running, although slight movements of the feet are permitted; or

•  Touch the baseline or the court with either foot; or

•  Touch the area outside the imaginary extension of the sideline with either foot; or

•  Touch the imaginary extension of the centre mark with either foot.

If the server breaks this rule it is a "Foot Fault".


Case 1:

In a singles match, is the server allowed to serve standing behind the part of the base line between the singles sideline and the doubles sideline?

Decision:

No. in this case the extension of the sideline is the line for the singles court.


Case 2:

Is the server allowed to have one or both feet off the ground when he contacts the ball?

Decision:

Yes, as long as he did not touch the line or the inside of the court before he made contact with the ball.


Case 3:

A server takes position with one foot on the baseline. He then repositions his foot behind the line, and begins his toss. Is this a foot fault?

Ruling:

No, this is not a foot fault, if, in the judgment of the official, the server's feet were at rest in the new position immediately before beginning the delivery of a service. However, in the case where the toss has commenced and the movement of his foot off the line is part of the motion, then this will be a foot fault.


Who can call a foot fault?

•  An official on court. Including the chair umpire, linesmen on the baseline, centre service line, or long line. In the case of an official on court, the call will be made immediately. No warning will be given.

•  An court monitor (Roving umpire)

The procedure should be that on the change over the court monitor go on court and inform the player of the foot fault and inform him that he will be calling the foot fault on the next occasion. To call the foot fault, the court monitor must be opposite the baseline (or the line involved). The warning given on the change over is not related to a code violation.


PLAYERS' DRESS AND EQUIPMENT

Unacceptable Attire

•  Sweatshirts

•  Gym shorts

•  Dress skirts

•  T - shirts

or any other inappropriate attire may not be worn during the match. This includes the warm - up. A plain t - shirt with no logo on may be worn. Also a t - shirt hand out by the specific tournament may be worn, but only during that tournament.


Visible identification

•  Shirt. Sweater or jacket

One commercial (non manufacturer's) identification for each sleeve, neither exceeding 3 inches plus one manufacturer's logo net exceeding 2 inches.

On the front, back and collar, two logos of the manufacturer (2 inches) or one logo of the manufacturer (3 inches). No commercial logos on the front, back or collar.


Shorts, skirts, tracksuit bottom

Shorts: Two logos of the manufacturer(2 inches) or one logo of the manufacturer (3 inches)

No commercial logos allowed.


Skirts: Two logos of the manufacturer (2 inches) or one logo of the manufacturer (3 inches) will be permitted on the front lower panels of the skirt

Tracksuit bottoms: One manufacturer's logo of three square inches is permitted.

MPUMALANGA GROWTHPOINT TOPGUNS 2017

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